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Monday, March 17, 2014

Three Diagnosed Conditions, Only One Military Disability Rating

Last week, we discussed the Pyramiding principle. Today I want to further that discussion by giving another example of how pyramiding works.

The VASRD is the law that governs how to assign a Military Disability Rating to a condition for military disability. The VASRD has numerous principles that guide how it should be applied in special circumstance. 

It is vital to your peace of mind to understand exactly how the Pyramiding principle works. You may think that because the doctor has diagnosed three conditions you should get three ratings, but when you end up getting only one rating, you'll pretty much feel like this guy.

The bottom-line rule of Pyramiding: A single symptom can only be rated once. One symptom, one rating. This means that if three diagnosed conditions cause the same one symptom, then only one will get a rating, whichever gives the highest rating.

On to our example. Bert has three diagnosed conditions: Hiatal Hernia, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), and Barrett’s Esophagus.

A Hiatal Hernia is a condition where the stomach pushes up into the chest cavity through the diaphragm. It can cause chest pain, trouble swallowing, and heartburn (GERD).

GERD (or “heartburn”) is a condition where the acid in the stomach shoots up into the esophagus, often causing burning and scaring of the lining of the esophagus. 

Barrett’s Esophagus is a condition where the lining of the esophagus changes and could become cancerous. It is caused by GERD. 

Hopefully with these definitions you can already see the problem we face with these three conditions. Each one causes the next. A hiatal hernia causes GERD, and GERD causes Barrett’s Esophagus. It can then be deduced that a hiatal hernia causes both GERD and Barrett’s Esophagus, so they are both just symptoms of the hiatal hernia. Only a single rating can be given in this case. A symptom can only be rated once, and a single rating for the hiatal hernia already encompasses all the symptoms of the other two.

Bert would only get one rating under code 7345, Hiatal Hernia. Three diagnosed conditions, but only one rating.

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